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General Dermatology >> Eczema
 

Eczema is a general term encompassing various inflamed skin conditions. One of the most common forms of eczema is atopic dermatitis (or "atopic eczema"). Approximately 10 percent to 20 percent of the world population is affected by this chronic, relapsing, and very itchy rash at some point during childhood. Although eczema may look different from person to person, it is most often characterized by dry, red, extremely itchy patches on the skin. Eczema is sometimes referred to as "the itch that rashes," since the itch, when scratched, results in the appearance of the rash. Eczema can occur on just about any part of the body; however, in infants, eczema typically occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck. In children and adults, eczema typically occurs on the face, neck, and the insides of the elbows, knees, and ankles. In some people, eczema may "bubble up" and ooze. In others, the condition may appear more scaly, dry, and red. Chronic scratching causes the skin to take on a leathery texture because the skin thickens (lichenification).

How can eczema be prevented?

Eczema outbreaks can usually be avoided with some simple precautions. The following suggestions may help to reduce the severity and frequency
of flare-ups:

  • Moisturize frequently

  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity

  • Avoid sweating or overheating

  • Reduce stress

  • Avoid scratchy materials (e.g., wool or other irritants)

  • Avoid harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents

  • Avoid environmental factors that trigger allergies (e.g., pollens, molds, mites, and animal dander)

  • Be aware of any foods that may cause an outbreak and avoid those foods

How can eczema be treated?

  • Avoid direct sun and uvlamp exposure

  • avoidanticoagulantsretinoidsdrug photosensitizers like antibiotic(tetracycline),naproxen(NSAD), oral contraceptive,cloroquine etc

  • recent surgical treatment.

  • past skin disorders and history of herpes virus infection

POST INFLAMENTORY HYPERPIGMENTATION PREVENTION

One of the most important components of an eczema treatment routine is to prevent scratching. Because eczema is usually dry and itchy, the most common treatment is the application of lotions or creams to keep the skin as moist as possible. These treatments are generally most effective when applied directly after bathing (within three minutes is a common recommendation) so that the moisture from the bath is "locked in." Cold compresses applied directly to itchy skin can also help relieve itching. If the condition persists, worsens, or does not improve satisfactorily, another effective treatment is the application of corticosteroid creams and ointments to reduce inflammation. Skin affected by eczema may frequently become infected. If this happens to you, your doctor may prescribe topical or oral antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection.

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
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